Thinking Out Loud

November 4, 2014

Buying Someone a Bible – Part 3 – Translations

Cartoonist Wes Molebash at The Junia Project website (Sept 2013) (Click image for Wes’ site, Insert Image.)

bible wars

 

 

As we mentioned yesterday, usually the first question you ask someone considering a Bible purchase involves trying to qualify which translation they might be interested in. The best way to ask this is, Who is it for? In other words, you want to be told as much as possible about the end user. Young or old? First time Bible reader? Other translations they own? Type of church they attend? Is English their first language?

Much has already been written online about the two broader approaches to translation: Dynamic equivalence and formal correspondence. Lately, some clever marketers have blurred those lines with some new terminology designed to capture interest from those on both sides of the discussion.

While one approach is often termed word for word and the other is thought for thought, really the question is this: To what extent do you retain some of the original forms, and to what extent can you break out of those forms and express the same concept the way we speak today? The challenge is that some of those original forms contain allusions to other Bible passages and you don’t want to rob the Bible of its beauty and symmetry. On the other hand, you don’t want to have to reduce explanations to footnotes, so sometimes just saying things in contemporary language is best. (But then you often find yourself including the historic or literary tie-ins in footnotes instead.)

So today, rather than look at translations in those terms, I’d like to think of them in clusters.

Traditional – Really, with more than 400 years of history, the KJV is in a class by itself here. The person you’re buying one for would have to really be expecting it, or in a church situation where nothing else is permissible.

Formal – With similar syntax and a name association, the New King James Version (NKJV) would fit this category and is still popular in some circles. But so also would the New American Standard Version (NASB), a rigid but accurate translation that is a favorite among Evangelical seminaries and Bible colleges.  (See also this article.)

Popular – The New International Version (NIV) is still considered the best-selling English translation and with an update in 2011, isn’t going away any time soon. For Mainline Protestants and some Roman Catholics, the New Revised Standard Version (NRSV) is the translation of choice.

Contemporary – Aimed at the same market that reads the NRSV, the new Common English Bible (CEB) is gaining popularity. Gaining on the NIV is the New Living Translation (NLT), especially among younger Christians. Despite its age, Today’s English Version (TEV, also called Good News Bible or GNT) is still preferred by some readers.

Creative – When The Message was first published with its use of idiomatic language and stripping away of verse numbers, it attracted a lot of attention. Today, The Voice Bible is the choice for those who want something edgy, with everything presented in a dramatic (play script) format.  Of course, for those who want to color outside the lines, The Amplified Bible (AMP) has been around for several decades now with its alternative words in brackets. A recent copycat translation, The Expanded Bible offers similar options.

Evangelical Denominations – You’ll find many Baptists gravitating toward the Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB) and Reformers and Calvinists choosing the English Standard Version (ESV). The translation philosophy for both is somewhat similar to NASB, with a reluctance to make any risky changes to the text as many learned it in the KJV.

Catholic – The New American Bible (NAB, not to be confused with NASB) is the one most identified with the Catholic Church, but you’ll also find interest in the Catholic editions of the Good News Translation (GNT or TEV), the NRSV, and The Jerusalem Bible.

Easy to Read – The New Century Version (NCV) uses a very basic vocabulary but without seeming childish.  The New International Readers Version (NIrV) uses a more choppy sentence structure, but is well-suited to people for whom English is a second language.

Children – The two Bibles in this category are actually the same as in the section above. The NCV is marketed as the International Children’s Bible (ICB), while the NIrV is issued as a part of various branded series that lead the kids into reading a regular NIV. Also doing well in Children’s editions is a more obscure translation known as God’s Word (GW).

Worth NotingThe Story is a Bible story book for adults showing the larger story arc of the Bible in a single narrative. The Kingdom New Testament is a NT written by popular Bible scholar N.T. Wright. And speaking of NT editions, people still seek out The New Testament in Modern English by J.B. Phillips.

Unfortunately, in many respects this article is not as useful as yesterday’s piece about features, as if some of these are of interest, you’ll have to investigate them elsewhere.  Passage comparison at sites like BibleGateway, BibleHub and Blue Letter Bible are a good place to begin. Hopefully this has at least helped you narrow down your search.  Bible translation selection is both a science and an art, and many people have a lot of emotional investment in particular Bible versions. In many respects, perhaps it is better that we put the features explanations first, as you might want to simply select the features you want, and then explore which translations offer those particular editions.

For further reading:

 

5 Comments »

  1. Paul I know that you wrote about this in an earlier blog, but I would like to add the Modern English Version to the list. Youversion has just added it to thier plethora of online Bible versions, and Bible Gateway is to soon follow suit. I have been reading it and am finding it a fresh new translation of the KJV and NKJV. As a person who grew up with the KJV it is a very comfortable translation to read.

    Comment by ralph juthman — November 4, 2014 @ 9:09 am

    • It’s the one under “Formal” that says “(See also this article.)” If you click through, you’ll see where I stand on this.

      Comment by paulthinkingoutloud — November 4, 2014 @ 9:29 am

  2. […] Part Three: Navigating the various translations. […]

    Pingback by Buying Someone a Bible – Part 2 – Styles and Features | Thinking Out Loud — November 5, 2014 @ 8:15 pm

  3. The ESV has been my translation of choice for the past 10 years. I was talking it up to a church pastor (SBC) who wanted to present all of his Sunday School teachers with some type of study Bible. His comment was “I’ve heard it’s a little to Calvinist friendly.” He eventually got an ESV Study Bible for each teacher, and thanked me for asking him to consider it, but it was a hard sell when the only thing he knew about it was that Calvinists really liked it. Which I am not incidentally, despite my shelf full of John Piper books.

    My only complaint is that the ESV is continuously something of a work in progress. My ESV thinline, purchased in early 2004, varies in several places from the most recent printing. There is no New ESV, Today’s ESV etc. but from time to time they still tweak the wording. I find it unnecessary and problematic when, in a classroom setting for instance, I tell students I am reading from the ESV and we find out together we don’t all have the same ESV.

    Comment by Clark Bunch — November 5, 2014 @ 9:47 pm

    • I noticed a little bias in the ESV Study Bible notes to the discourse in John 14 – 17, but now I can’t remember the details. I guess it’s better to make corrections ASAP if they really need to be made than to go through all the marketing steps of bringing out a “new” or “today’s” edition. If my wife and I are not doing worship leading somewhere, I go to a church where the pastor uses the NLTSE, but I’m following in the NLT. The differences there are more striking.

      Comment by paulthinkingoutloud — November 5, 2014 @ 10:15 pm


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